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27 July 2017

Types of industrial lubricants

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Lubricants are used to reduce the friction between two surfaces. They protect against wear and tear and reduce heat transfer caused by abrasion. The majority of lubricants used in industry have organic an organic base, for example, a petroleum fraction or mineral oil.   

Industrial lubricants are used in numerous applications across a range of industries, such as:

  • Automotive
  • Engineering
  • Automation
  • Manufacturing
  • Food processing
  • Oil and gas
  • Medical

The purpose of the lubricant will determine which additives need to be added to the base in order to perform its desired function.

The benefits of lubricants include:

  • Friction reduction
  • Surface separation
  • Heat transfer
  • Protection against corrosion and rust
  • Protection against wear and tear
  • Sealant properties

There are a number of greases and oils available, including:

  1. Chain and cable – chain and cable lubrication is essential – chains and cables are put under extreme strain and are often exposed to the elements.
  2. Compressor oils – compressor oils are used to protect against wear and tear and to shield compressors against the effects of abrasion, corrosion, and rust.
  3. Gear oils – oil protects gears from the effects of abrasion in transmissions in vehicles and machinery.
  4. Hydraulic oils – hydraulic oils are used as lubrication for hydraulic mechanisms such as brakes, elevators or excavators, and improve pump efficiency
  5. Motor oils – motor oil is used to clean moving parts, protect against corrosion, improve fuel-efficiency and prevent sludge formation among other uses.
  6. Greases – grease helps to protect parts against the effects of rust and corrosion and is ideal in environments of extreme heat.

NCH Asia provides a huge range of industrial lubricants to suit any application. Read more about our lubrication solutions for more information.

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